R0771-3 The Typical Tabernacle And Its Teachings

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The Tabernacle which God commanded Israel to construct in the Wilderness, in connection with which all their religious services and ceremonies were instituted, was, Paul assures us, a shadow of good things to come. (Heb. 8:5; 10:1; Col. 2:17.) In fact the whole nation of Israel, with their laws and their religious services and ceremonies, was typical. This being true, our understanding of the plan and work of salvation now in progress, as well as their future development, cannot fail to be greatly enlightened by a careful study of that Jewish shadow, which was repeated year by year continually for the edification of the saints during the Christian Age. 1 Pet. 1:12.

It is not simply to gain a historical knowledge of the Jewish forms, ceremonies and worship, that we come to the investigation of this subject, but that we may be edified by understanding the substance from an examination of the shadow, as God designed in arranging it.

We will fail to attach sufficient weight and importance to the shadow, unless we realize how carefully God guided and directed all of its details: First, He took Moses up into the mount and gave him an illustration of just how things were to be made; Secondly, He charged him to be very careful—”See, saith He, that thou make all things after the pattern showed to thee in the mount.” (Heb. 8:5; Exod. 25:40.) So too, with all the minutia of the service; every jot and tittle must be performed in the type, because it illustrated something great and grand coming after. And in order that these shadows might all be exactly performed, and that the people might not become careless, the usual penalty for any violation was death: For instance—2 Sam. 6:6,7; Lev. 10:1,2; Ex. 28:43; Num. 4:15,20; and 17:13.

Realizing God’s care in making the “shadow,” should not only give us confidence in its correctness, that not one jot or tittle of it shall fail until all shall be fulfilled (Matt. 5:18.) but, it should also awaken in us so great an interest in God’s plan, as would lead us to examine closely, and search carefully, for the meaning of those shadows: And this, with God’s promised blessing we now propose to do, assured that among those who are truly God’s consecrated ones—children begotten of the Spirit—”He that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh, it shall be opened.”

The directions given to Moses for the construction of the Tabernacle may be found in Exod. 25 to 27, and the account of the performance of the work, in Exod. 35 to 40. Briefly stated, the Tabernacle was a house constructed of a series of boards “overlaid” or plated with gold, and set on end into sockets of silver, and firmly fastened together by bars of the same wood (Shittim) also covered with gold.

This structure was 15 feet wide, 15 feet high, and 45 feet long, open at the front or east end. It was covered by a large linen cloth, with figures of cherubim woven into it, in blue, purple and scarlet colors. The open end, or front of the structure was closed by a curtain of similar material to the covering cloth, called the “door,” or first vail. Another cloth of the same materials and colors, and similarly woven with figures of cherubim called the “Vail” (or second vail) was hung under the taches, and divided the Tabernacle into two apartments. The first or larger apartment 15 feet wide and 30 feet long was called “The Holy.”* The second or rear-most apartment 15 feet wide and 15 feet long was called “The Most Holy.” Over this Tabernacle proper, was a tent to shelter it and protect it from the weather. It was made of a covering of cashmere cloth or goat’s hair, another of ram skins dyed red, and another of seal skins, translated badger skins.

*Frequently this in the English translation is improperly called the “holy place;” and in such instances the word place will be found in italics, indicating that it has been supplied by the translators, as for instance in Exod. 26:33. This error is quite confusing as “the court” was properly called “the holy place.” When place, is not in italics, “the court” is always meant. See Lev. 14:13 and 6:27. In some instances “The Holy,” is termed “The Tabernacle of the congregation” and the “Most Holy,” the “Sanctuary” is also sometimes called “the Holy place” [place in italics.] instances, Lev. 16:17,20,33. In our mention of them we will call those apartments severally, “The Camp,” “The Court,” “The Holy,” and “Most Holy.”

A lack of appreciation of the necessity of uniform exactness, and of our interest in these typical pictures, on the part of the translators of Leviticus, must have been the cause of the varied translations which have so aided in confusing the student.

The Tabernacle was surrounded by a yard or “court” toward the rear of which, it stood. This court 75 feet wide and 150 feet long was formed by a fence of linen curtains suspended from silver hooks, set in the tops of wooden posts 7-1/2 feet high, which were set in heavy sockets of copper, (translated brass,) and braced like the tent with cords and pins. This enclosure was all holy ground, and was therefore called the “holy place”—also the “Court of the Tabernacle.” Its opening, like the door of the Tabernacle, was towards the east, and was called the “gate.” The “gate” was of linen embroidered with blue, purple and scarlet. It will be noticed that the three entrance passages, viz: “the gate” to the Court or “holy place”—”the door” to the “Holy” and “the vail” to the “Most Holy” were of the same material and colors.

The furniture of the court consisted of but two pieces: the “Brazen Altar” and the “Laver.”


First on entering the gate and immediately in front of it, stood the Brazen Altar. This altar was made of wood and covered with copper, it was 7-1/2 feet square, 4-1/2 feet high. It had various utensils belonging to its service—fire pans, called Censers, for carrying the fire to the Incense Altar; basins to receive the blood; flesh-hooks, shovels, etc.


Next, between the Brazen Altar and the door of the Tabernacle, was the Laver. It was made of polished copper and was a receptacle for water for the washing of the priests before entering the Tabernacle.

The furniture of the Tabernacle consisted of a Table, a Candlestick and an Incense Altar in the Holy, and the Ark of the Testimony in the Most Holy.


Within the Tabernacle on the right (north) stood the wooden “Table” overlaid with gold, and upon it were placed twelve cakes of unleavened bread in two rows or piles, with frankincense on top of each pile. (Lev. 24:6) The bread was for the priests; it was holy, and was renewed on the seventh or Sabbath day.


Opposite the Table was the “Candlestick” made of pure gold, beaten work (hammered out) having seven branches and in each branch a lamp. It was the only light in “The Holy,” for as we have seen, the natural light was obscured by the walls and curtains, and there were no windows.


Further on, close up to “the Vail” stood a small altar of wood, covered with gold, called the “Golden Altar” or “Incense Altar.” It had no fire upon it except as the priests brought it in the censers, which they set in the top of this golden altar, and then crumbled the incense upon it, giving forth fragrant perfume.


Beyond the vail, in the Most Holy, there was but one piece of furniture—the Ark. It was a rectangular box made of wood overlaid with gold, having a lid or cover of pure gold called the Propitiatory, improperly translated “Mercy Seat.” Upon it (and of the same piece) were two cherubs of gold—beaten work. Within this Ark (under the Propitiatory) were placed the golden bowl of manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the two tables of the law. (Heb. 9:4) Upon the Propitiatory, a supernatural light appeared, shining out between the cherubim: This was the only light in the Most Holy.

It is noticeable that everything inside the Tabernacle was of gold, while in the court everything was of copper. Wood, which was used as the basis, and was covered by these metals was used, we believe, to make the articles lighter of weight, than if of solid metal. This would be an important consideration when they traveled. The vessels of the Temple, representative of the same things were of the solid metals. (1 Kings 7:23,48.) These two metals, gold and copper, were used, we think, to represent two different natures—copper, representing the human nature in its perfection; and gold representing the divine nature—much alike in their appearance, yet different in quality, as the human is an image of the Divine nature.

It will be noticed that the arrangement of the structure formed three general parts—the


The Camp represented the condition of the world of mankind in sin, typified by all Israel. These were separated from all holy things by the curtain of white linen, which to those within represents a wall of faith, but to those without, a wall of unbelief which hindered their view of, and access to, the holy things within. The only way to enter the “Holy Place” or “Court” was to come through the “gate”—Jesus. “I am the way … no man cometh unto the Father but by me.” John 14:6.

The Court represented the condition of Justification, entered through faith in Christ, the “gate.” Into this court, only Levites (typical of justified believers) were allowed to come. These have access to the Brazen Altar and Laver, and do service in the Court, but have no right as Levites (believers) to go into the Tabernacle; no, nor even to look into it. (Num. 4:19,20.) Here in the “Court” all things were of copper.

The Tabernacle represented the condition of all who have changed their nature; that is, those who have consecrated their human nature to death, and have become partakers of the Divine nature by being begotten of the Spirit. And no human being, be he ever so full of faith, be he washed from every sin, and in God’s sight justified freely from all things, reckoned perfect, can have any place or privilege in Divine things unless he fully consecrate or sacrifice himself. He cannot even look into spiritual things in the sense of appreciating them. “The natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit, … neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.” 1 Cor. 2:14,12.

All things in the Tabernacle were of gold representing the Divine nature, and only those of the Levites who were consecrated to the work of sacrifice (the Priests) had access to the Tabernacle. So only those of the household of faith, who are consecrated to sacrifice, enter the Divine conditions represented in the Tabernacle.

The “Court” or justified human condition was entered by faith only; but while we must retain the faith that justifies, we must do more, if we would change our nature and become “new creatures”—partakers of the Divine nature. If we would enter the Tabernacle or Divine condition, we must crucify the justified flesh, presenting our human wills and bodies a living sacrifice to God; no longer to seek for human pleasure, honor, praise, etc., but to be dead to these and alive to the heavenly ones. Yet into this condition also, we come through Christ Jesus our Lord, who not only opened for us the “gate,” but also opened to us the “door” into the Tabernacle “a new” way of life through and beyond the vail. Heb. 10:20.

The two apartments of the Tabernacle, the Holy and the Most Holy, represented two phases or stages of the Divine life. The “Holy” represented the present condition of those begotten of God through the Word, these are Divine minded, “new creatures,” who though still “in the flesh” have their real life and walk with God within the vail and beyond the sight of the world, and the unconsecrated believers. These enjoy the light of the candlestick, eat of the special food, and offer at the golden altar.

The “Most Holy” represented our perfected condition as new creatures, when born from the dead in the resurrection. Then being beyond both vails—the fleshly mind and fleshly body, we shall be glorious spiritual bodies, as well

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as spiritually minded. We shall be like our Leader, our forerunner beyond the vail, who, having entered, hath consecrated for us this new and living way. The spiritual minded creature in the “Holy,” by faith looks forward through the rent Vail into the “Most Holy” catching glimpses of the glory, honor and immortality beyond the flesh; which hope is an anchor entering into that beyond the vail. Heb. 6:19; and 10:20.

We see, then, that justification by faith, brings us into a condition of peace with God. Our sins being forgiven, we are a step nearer to God, but still human—in the Court. If we would attain to the prize of our high calling which is OF GOD in Christ Jesus, and enter in through the “Holy” to the “Most Holy,” we must follow


our Leader and Head—”the High Priest of our profession.” By faith in his ransom we have entered the “gate” to the Court—the Vail of unbelief and sin is passed. By renouncing our human will and all our human aspiration and hopes, we pass the first vail, or vail of human mindedness, counting our human will as dead; henceforth not consulting it, but the will of God only.

We now find ourselves as “new creatures” in the “Holy”—in the first of “the Heavenlies” or Holies (Eph. 2:6.—Diaglott); and here we are enlightened by the Golden Candlestick, (God’s Word) refreshed and strengthened daily with the truth as bread lawful only for the Priests to eat. (Matt. 12:4.) And thus enlightened and strengthened, we are daily offering up sacrifices at the “Golden Altar,” acceptable to God by Jesus Christ—a sweet perfume to our Father. 1 Pet. 2:5.*

*The word spiritual in this text is omitted by the Sinaitic MS. with evident propriety, as not spiritual but human rights, privileges, life, etc., are sacrificed.

Thus, all the saints, the consecrated, are in a “heavenly” or “holy” condition now—”seated (at rest and communion) with Christ in (the first of these) heavenly places,” but not yet in the Holiest of all. No; another vail must first be passed: As the passing of the preceding vail was the death of the human will, so the passing of the second vail is the death of the human body; and it requires both to complete our sacrifice: Both fleshly mind and fleshly body must first be passed before we shall be in the “Holiest of all”—perfected as partakers of the Divine nature and conditions.

With these thoughts as to the three conditions represented by these three places—Camp, Court and Tabernacle, let us notice particularly the three classes occupying these conditions, viz.: the Unbelieving World, Justified Believers and the Saints or Consecrated Believers; typified respectively by


In understanding the significance of the Tabernacle service, it is necessary not only to get a clear idea of the structure, its furniture and their typical signification, but also of the actors and their significance as types.

Israel is used in many instances to typify the Christian Church. For instance: When they left Egyptian bondage, they were a type of God’s children who hear his call to come out from the world and engage in his worship.

The wilderness journey represents the tedious pilgrimage through which many pass, seeking the promised Canaan rest—”Come unto me and I will give you rest.” As in the type, so in reality, the promised Canaan of rest is not far off, if God’s children had faith enough to go up and enter in. God has made abundant provision for them: Yet they journey through the wilderness of sin seeking rest but finding none, because they lack faith in God’s promises. Some wander thus a long time; some never enter the Canaan rest because of unbelief. But while Israel, according to the flesh, is thus and in other ways used to typify the spiritual Israel, yet, it is a totally different type, as we are now examining it, in its relation to the Tabernacle. Here, Israel unquestionably typifies the whole world of mankind. The sin-offerings, sacrifices, atonement, etc., made typically for them, (and them only) were typical of better sacrifices and atonement, made on behalf of the whole world; for, “He is a propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.” 1 John 2:2.

In a word, Israel, as well as the Tabernacle, Priests, Levites and Sacrifices, was a type. And that which was there done in symbol, is, since the first advent of Christ, being carried out on a higher plane, and on a larger scale; the latter being the reality, of which that was the type or shadow.

As Israel typified the world, so the tribe of Levites typified the “Household of faith,” or all believers in Jesus and his ransom. The Priesthood, one body under one chief or High Priest, was typical of the “little flock” who with their “Head” or High Priest are to be Kings and Priests to reign on the earth. Rev. 5:10. Thus viewed we see Jesus the High Priest not of the Aaronic order which was but the type of our profession or order, the real priesthood of which others were but figures. Heb. 3:1; 4:14.

But before these members of the body of Christ, the priesthood, shall be united to their Head and begin their reign, they must first “suffer with him” in making the sacrifices, as we shall shortly see. 2 Tim. 2:12.

Peter shows who were typified by the priests, when, addressing those who are sanctified, he says: (1 Pet. 1:2 and 2:5,9.) “Ye are … an holy priesthood to offer up sacrifices acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.” “Ye are … a royal priesthood.”

That the head or chief of this priesthood, this “little flock,” is Jesus, is repeatedly mentioned by the apostles. We give but one quotation: “Holy brethren (the Royal Priesthood) partakers of the Heavenly calling, consider the apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus. Heb. 3:1.

As we now pass to the consideration of the inauguration of the typical priesthood, we notice that the tribe of the Levites (typical of believers or the Justified) existed for a long time before the Priesthood was instituted. So in the antitype, the “Royal Priesthoodbegan with the anointing of Jesus the High Priest (at baptism, Luke 3:22; Acts 10:38.) but believers, justified by faith in Christ, had lived long before that. For instance—Abraham believed God, and was justified by his faith. (Rom. 4:2,3.) Though even the type had not yet come in his day, yet Abraham as a justified believer was a member of the “household of faith,” typified by the Levites. But none of the “Royal Priesthood” were selected until after the Chief or High Priest of this order was first initiated and installed in office; since then the initiation and installment of the under priests has been the special work of this Christian dispensation. Thus, the priests now being installed and now sacrificing, are being prepared as God’s instruments for the blessing of the world.



In this ceremony, as in every other, relating to the ordination and work of the priesthood, it will be well to notice that Jesus was the first—the Leader, Captain, Forerunner—teaching clearly that none preceded him, hence that none of the Patriarchs or Prophets are of the “little flock,” “the royal priesthood,” “the Bride, the Lamb’s wife.” Though they will be greatly blessed as the Lord’s servants, their service will not be so grandly high as that of the priests, nor their honor so great; though, as represented in the Levites, both their service and honor are great. “The narrow way to life” (Immortality) was not opened up until Jesus came. He was the first to walk in it. He “brought life and immortality to light.” (2 Tim. 1:10.) And though all believers (Levites) shall become possessors of everlasting life, and the world (Israel) also, if they will accept it—during the Millennial age; yet, only the priesthood, who overcome and follow their Leader in the narrow way to life—sacrificing the human—thus seeking Glory, Honor and Immortality, will ever become the possessors of that unlimited degree of life called Immortality, as yet possessed only by Jehovah and our Lord Jesus. (See “Food for Thinking Christians,” page 134, “The narrow way to life.”)

Under the Law, the ANOINTING was the ceremony by which the Priests were installed in God’s service. The Priests were anointed to their office with a peculiar ointment, called the Holy Anointing Oil, used upon none but the Priests, and unlawful for any one else to have or to make. (Exod. 30:25-33.) This oil typified the Holy Spirit of adoption whereby we the real, “Royal Priesthood” are sealed. Only the consecrated ones are ever to be anointed thus. Aaron, the typical High Priest, represented Jesus the head, and the church, as members of the body of the great High Priest. Being but a sinful man like others, he had to be washed in order to fitly represent the purity of the antitype. Aaron was then clothed with the holy garments of “glory and beauty,” (Exod. 28.) and then the anointing oil was poured on his head. Each article of this glorious apparel was typical of qualities and powers of the Great Deliverer—head and body, which Jehovah discerned looking down into the future to the time for “the manifestation of the Sons of God,” and the fulfillment in them of his promises.


And these are the garments … a breastplate, and an ephod, and an upper robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre and a girdle. Exod. 28:4.

The linen “coat” represented the High Priest’s purity, while its embroidery showed the outgrowth of that character in works. The “mitre,” a strip of fine linen, (typical of righteousness) worn around the forehead, to which was fastened with a blue lacer, the golden plate or “crown” shows that the crown is righteously his. Upon the golden plate was inscribed, “Holiness to the Lord,” thus proclaiming: This High Priest is entirely devoted to the accomplishment of Jehovah’s purposes. The golden crown proclaims his royalty: He is to be “a priest upon his throne”—”a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.” (Psa. 110:4.) The linen “girdle” indicates a righteous servant; linen—righteousness; girdle—servitude.

The “upper robe,” of blue, represents his faithfulness. The fringe of it was made of golden bells and pomegranates. The pomegranate, being a choice fruit, showed that the faithful performance of his work of sacrifice had borne rich fruit—the redemption of the forfeited life of the human race. The golden bells signified that when the High Priest appears in glory and beauty, the fruit of the sacrificial work shall be made manifest to all—proclaimed to all the world, as in the type, the bells proclaimed it to all Israel. This is indicated by the close proximity; the bells drawing attention to the fruit.

The “ephod” was made of a cloth of purple, blue, scarlet, white and gold threads; interwoven skillfully and beautifully. It was of two parts, one hanging in front and the other over the back. These two parts were fastened together by two gold clasps which rested on the shoulders. This ephod, we believe, typified two covenants: the Abrahamic represented by the front part, and the New Covenant represented by the back part, both of which are thus shown to be dependent on this High Priest. They are laid on him; if he fails to support them they must fall to the ground. But, thank God, they are firmly clasped on him by the Gold clasps, (Divine power) as well as bound to him by the “Curious Girdle”—a cord made of the same materials as the ephod. This girdle seems to say, this is a servant; and as this is the girdle of the ephod it tells us that this one is—”The messenger (servant) of the Covenant whom ye delight in.” Mal. 3:1.

True the Abrahamic Covenant is partially fulfilled in the person of the High Priest—who is the Seed, the spiritual seed, which is to bless all. But as we have seen, the Abrahamic covenant has two phases; the heavenly, or spiritual seed, and the fleshly seed, the literal descendents of Abraham; the latter the only one recognized by Abraham, the spiritual being hid. During the Gospel Age the spiritual seed develops, becoming members of the body of the High Priest; growing up into the head. After this spiritual seed has been developed, then that phase of the covenant, understood by Abraham and all his descendants to this day, will be fulfilled; its fulfilment hangs on the great spiritual High Priest. So says Paul: “As concerning the Gospel [the spiritual part of the covenant] they [the literal seed] are enemies for your sakes; but as touching the election they are [still] beloved for the fathers’ sakes. For the gifts and callings of God are not things he will repent of. For this is my covenant TO THEM. There shall come out of Zion [the spiritual] the deliverer, [this great High Priest, the servant of the Covenant—Jesus the head and the “little flock” his body] and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob. Rom. 11:26-29.

So then, after the body of Christ, the spiritual “seed” is complete, the Abrahamic covenant must have a fulfillment to the fleshly seed; that fleshly seed must become great “as the sand by the sea shore” as the heavenly seed is likened to “the stars of heaven.” They must first be turned to righteousness and truth, and then become an agency through which the spiritual seed will operate, to bless all mankind with truth and knowledge.

Thus the earthly phase of the Abrahamic covenant is seen still to depend on and to be upheld by the Great High Priest, who is also the mediator of the “New Covenant” which Jesus sealed or ratified with his own blood, in which sacrifice, the members of his BODY have been privileged to join with him; and they will be also privileged to share with him in conferring upon mankind the blessings of that “New Covenant” when the day of sacrifice is ended and the reign of glory begins. (Jer. 31:31; Ezek. 11:19 and 36:24; Rom. 11:27.) This New Covenant is typified by the back part of the ephod.

The scarlet, blue, purple, etc., which composed the ephod, indicated the conditions of the covenant; the scarlet showed how God provides redemption from the Adamic curse through the blood of the ransom; the white linen indicated the restoration of man to his original purity; the blue vouchsafes to him the ability to faithfully maintain his righteous character; the purple proclaims the restoration of the royalty of earth as possessed by Adam, earth’s first monarch. All of these blessings are woven together—made sure, by the Divine power of the anointed Priest, as shown by the interwoven thread of gold. That part of the Abrahamic covenant referring to the spiritual seed, is represented as complete in God’s sight. They all, as God sees them, are born of the Spirit to the completeness of the Divine nature, represented in the person of the Priest. Thus Jehovah has laid all these covenants upon one who is both mighty and willing to execute these glorious covenanted blessings—”in due time.”

The Breastplate of Judgment was placed on the front of the ephod. It was suspended by a gold chain from the clasps on the shoulder, and was fastened to the ephod by a lacer, through golden rings—this fastening being so concealed underneath, that to the casual observer it might appear to be a part of the ephod. (Exod. 28:26-28.) This breast-plate represents beautifully the Law: It was not a part of the Abrahamic covenant (Ephod) but “it was added” to it. (Gal. 3:19.) As the

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Israelite regarded them, not seeing the hidden connection, the covenant to Abraham and “the law which was 430 years after,” were all one: But Paul shows us that there are two parts—two seeds—to this covenant: the spiritual, and the natural; and that the Covenant and the Law were distinct “to the end that the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the Law, but to that also which is of the Faith.” Rom. 4:16.

This Law emblem (the Breast-plate) was one of the most beautiful of the High Priest’s garments; it was made of the same materials as the ephod. It had in it, set in gold, twelve precious jewels, in which were engraved the names of the twelve tribes. It was bound on his heart, indicating that it was precious to him. As a “breast-plate of righteousness” it covered him. That which condemned all imperfect ones was his pleasure—”I delight to do thy will O my God; yea, thy law is within my heart.” Psa. 40:8.

The breast-plate was two spans long and one wide, folded in the middle, i.e., a span long and a span wide double. The size, a span, indicates that the Law of God is the full measure of a perfect man’s ability. Jesus, being perfect, was the only one who ever kept it fully, while his BODY has his righteousness imputed.

Its being double, of the same size and measure, represents the letter and the spirit of the law. The front part contained the jewels and was hung by the gold chain to the gold clasps of the ephod; the under part was fastened to the ephod. This latter, tied to the ephod (covenant) seems to represent the law in letter as presented to fleshly Israel. The former, or front part seems to illustrate the spirit of the law fulfilled in us, “who walk not after the flesh but after the spirit.” (Rom. 8:4.) The two are really ONE when rightly seen, yet the front part only, bears the precious jewels. Pure gold being a symbol of divine things, the dependence of this part of the Law by a gold chain, from the gold clasps, seems to teach that the Law is kept by divine power; and so we know, it is by divine strength that we walk not after the flesh, but after the spirit. It is this phase of the Law which bears the “jewels” set in gold representative of the true Israel. “They shall be mine in the day that I come to make up my jewels.” Thus embedded in gold (the divine nature) and upheld by the golden chain of divine promises, what wonder that “the righteousness of the law is fulfilled in us.”

As Aaron stood there clothed in these typically glorious and beautiful robes and anointed with the holy oil, his head representing Jesus—the head of the priesthood, and his body representing the Church complete in him, how impressive his significance, as a type of the World’s High Priest, undefiled, and clothed with power and authority to carry out Jehovah’s covenants. We see the BODY again typified individually by the under priests who wore bonnets covering their own heads to indicate that they were not the head of the Priesthood, but members of his body. God gave Jesus “to be the head over all things to the church which is his body.” Eph. 1:22,23.

It is for this reason that Paul insists that a woman’s head should be covered as indicating that she is not the head; the husband and wife being typical of Jesus and his Bride—the Church of the first-born. These under priests were robed in linen garments, the imputed righteousness of Jesus, and girdled, showing that they also were servants.

As Aaron had the Holy Oil poured upon his head, so our Head, Jesus, was anointed with the antitypical oil—the Holy Spirit—when he was thirty years of age, on the banks of Jordan, at the time of his consecration. There he was “anointed with the oil of gladness above his fellows”—as head over all the joint-heirs. A measure of the Spirit is given to every man who thus consecrates; but Jehovah gave “not the Spirit by measure unto Him.” (John 3:34.) John saw and bare record that our High Priest was thus anointed (John 1:32; Luke 4:1), and Peter adds his testimony (Acts 10:38), “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power.”

The anointing oil was poured only upon the head. The under priests were not anointed individually: Since they were recognized as members of the High Priest’s body, they received their anointing through the head.

The oil “ran down even unto the skirts of his garments” (Psa. 133:2), thus representing how the members of his body are all to be partakers of the same anointing after their head. “The anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you.” (1 John 2:27.) This oil began to reach the body on the day of Pentecost and flows on, down through this Gospel Age, anointing all who are truly baptized into Christ, to be with their Head, kings and priests unto God; to reign a thousand years. Rev. 20:6.

We thus see that Aaron robed and anointed represented the entire Christ—”the seed,” in which God is about to bless all the families of the earth. But let us not forget that we have been viewing the Great Deliverer from God’s standpoint, and with him looking down to the time of his manifestation—the dawn of the Millennial Day—when all the members have come into the body and when the “holy oil” has run down “even to the skirts of his garments,” anointing every member. Then he will begin the work of blessing mankind. For the glorious reign of this Kingly Priest, we constantly pray—”Thy kingdom come, thy will be done on earth.”


The consecration of the Priesthood (Lev. 8:14,33), was typical of the entire consecration of the human nature of Jesus and his body, to the will of Jehovah—Jesus’ obedience even unto death, and the obedience of the members of his body suffering the same with him. The whole body represented by Aaron’s sons, as well as the Head represented by Aaron himself, are by the antitypical sacrifices being made, during the Christian Age, CONSECRATED for their future work as kings and priests, to restore and rule and bless mankind. When this consecration is made, they have given ALL they had. But their extremity is Jehovah’s opportunity, and when they have consecrated all they had to destruction and become joint-sacrificers with Jesus their Redeemer, for the sins of the world, they are begotten of God to a new nature—spiritual; and not only so, but to the highest order of spiritual existence—the Divine nature; and as such they are owned as spiritual sons of God. Gal. 4:4,7, and 2 Pet. 1:4.

This type shows these two natures: the higher is represented by Aaron and his sons, while the human is represented by a bullock. The bullock for the sin offering was brought “and Aaron and his sons laid their hands upon the head” of it, thus saying, This sacrifice represents us. From that moment all that happened to the bullock, represents what was to be done to Jesus and to his body, the Church, as human beings. The bullock is delivered up to “the Law”—(represented by Moses) to meet its demands. To meet the demands of the law, it must be slain—”And Moses slew it.” He then applied the blood to the horns of the altar. The “finger” of the “Law” thus pointed out that the altar of earthly sacrifices was acceptable to God by reason of the shed blood (the life given), and that all who realize the power of the altar (horns are symbols of power) must recognize first the blood which sanctified it. The blood poured at the bottom of the altar, shows that through the blood of the sacrifice (life given) even the earth was purchased back from the curse which sin brought upon it. See Eph. 1:14: “Unto the redemption of the purchased possession.”

And Moses took the bullock, his hide, flesh, etc., and burned them with fire without the camp. (v. 17.) Thus the humanity of the Christ complete—head and body—is made “a sin offering,” suffering the destruction to which the world was doomed, and from which, by this sacrifice, they shall ultimately be delivered. But while the human being is destroyed, as a vile thing, as represented by the burning of the bullock without the camp, God accepts the heart devotion which prompts the sacrifice, which says, “Lo, I come to do thy will O God;” “I delight to do thy will, O my God.” This is represented by the offering on the altar, of the fat and parts of the inward life-producing organism, as a “sweet savor” unto the Lord.

Other features of the same consecration are shown by the two rams mentioned in verses 18 and 22. The first mentioned is the ram for the Burnt-offering. Aaron and his sons laid their hands upon its head, thus indicating that it represented them. It was killed; its blood sprinkled the altar; and Moses “cut the ram into pieces, and washed the inwards and legs in water” and “burnt the head and pieces, and the fat.” Thus Jesus and his body, the Church, are being presented before God on the altar, during the entire Gospel Age. The head was laid there first, and since, all who are “dead with him,” and cleansed, as in the type, by the washing of water—through the Word. Its burning on the altar shows how God accepts this sacrifice. It is “a sweet smelling savor.”

The second ram, “the ram of consecration,” shows what effect the sacrifice will have upon us, as the first showed how God received it. Aaron and his sons laid their hands upon its head—it represented them. And Moses slew it and took its blood (consecrated life) and put it upon each separately, thus showing that consecration is an individual work. And he put it upon the tip of the right ear, thumb of right hand, and great toe of right foot. Thus, by our consecration, we are enabled to have the “hearing of faith” and to appreciate God’s promises as none but the consecrated can. Our hands are consecrated, so that whatsoever our hands find to do, we do it with our might as unto the Lord. Our feet are consecrated, so that henceforth “we walk not as other Gentiles,” but “walk in newness of life,” “walk by faith,” “walk in the spirit,” “walk in the light,” and even “as ye received Christ, so walk in him.” Vs. 23,24.

The choice portions of the ram, its “inwards” and “fat,” representing our best powers, were taken in the hands of the priests and waved; passed to and fro, before the Lord, representing the fact that a consecrated offering is not given the Lord for the moment, or day, or year, but continually we keep our affections and powers uplifted before our Father, never ceasing until accepted of him as having finished our course. And Moses took them off their hands, God’s acceptance being shown by fire. So we may not lay down or cease to offer our every power in God’s service while we have them, and until all are consumed in His service. When the love (“fat“) of our inmost being is laid upon the altar, it helps to increase the fire of God’s acceptance. The more love there is connected with our consecration to God, the more quickly will it be accepted by him.

Upon this “wave offering,” while in their hands, were laid three cakes from a basketful. This offering was laid by Moses upon the hands of both high and under priests.

The first unleavened cake, represented the actual purity of Jesus as a man, and the imputed purity of the Church as men, as attested by the Law (Moses). The second unleavened cake mingled with oil, represented the indwelling spirit of God—Sanctification. The third a wafer was mingled with honey, and represented our faith in the exceeding sweet and precious promises of Glory, Honor and Immortality.

Without these three elements, it is impossible for our consecration to be complete, and hence acceptable, viz.: Justification, (purity), Sanctification by the Spirit through the belief of the truth, and faith in the promised Glorification.

This consecration is in progress during the entire Gospel Age; even when as individuals our offering has been waived and accepted, we are to abide in the Tabernacle, eating of the cakes, growing in grace and knowledge continually, by partaking of the assurances and promises of God’s Word—for we shall live by the words (promises) which proceed from the mouth of God.

The anointing oil mingled with the blood of consecration was sprinkled over them (vs. 30), showing how we may know that our consecration is accepted—the Holy Spirit of God (the oil) blending with and witnessing to the spirit of sacrifice in the consecrated man (the blood), that he is a son of God. Rom. 8:16.

The boiling of the flesh of consecration (vs. 31) was no part of the sacrifice; it was merely the preparing of the portion which they ate. It was all to be disposed of (v. 32), showing how we are to be entirely consecrated and none of our time or powers wasted.

The seven days of consecration (vs. 33 and 35) show again, that we are consecrated to God’s service, not a part of our time only, but all of it. Seven is a complete number in Scripture, and signifies all or the whole of whatever it is applied to. (“Seven Seals,” “Trumpets,” “Plagues,” etc.) Ver. 36 shows the completion of the work of consecration.

There never was a time when it was more necessary than now, that all who are consecrated as priests should see to it that we “be dead with him” and our every ability waived before God, that he may accept and make use of our talents to his glory. Especially is it of interest to those who believe that very soon all the members of the body will be accepted with the head, a sweet savor to God, and the work of self-sacrifice finished. And if we fail to be among the priests now, during the time of consecration, we cannot expect to be one of them when they begin their service for the people in the “ages to come”—when these same priests (now despised of men but a “sweet savor to God,”) shall have the title of King added, and with their head, Jesus, rule and bless all nations. Do we earnestly desire to be among those who will sing to the praise of our great High Priest, “Thou hast made us unto our God Kings and Priests, and we shall reign on the earth?” If so, let us be fully consecrated now, for “If we suffer with him we shall also reign with him.” 2 Tim. 2:12.


LEV. 16:3-33

In considering these types we must, to appreciate them, remember that each is a picture by itself, of one particular part, of the work of the World’s High Priest; and so with the various ceremonies of the Day of Atonement. To understand it clearly, we must realize that while Jesus is our (the Church’s) High Priest, yet in the more full and complete sense he is the Head and we the members of the body, of the World’s High Priest, just as Aaron was High Priest or chief of the under priests, while in a general sense, the whole priesthood was one, designed to minister for Israel who typified the world. These Levitical pictures primarily referring to the Head, when fully considered refer to the body complete. For instance, the ceremony of anointing commenced with the “Head,” but the anointing applied to all the body during the entire Gospel Age, as we have seen. As the consecrating of the priesthood includes all the members of his body, and requires all of the Gospel Age to complete it, so also with the “Sin-offering” or the sacrifice of Atonement: it commenced with the Head, and we the members of his body “fill up the measure of the sufferings of Christ which are behind,” and this suffering requires all of the Gospel Age. The Day of Atonement, which in the type, was but a twenty-four hour day, we see then in the antitype, to be the entire Gospel Age. And with its close the sacrificing ceases and the glory and blessing commences, and the Great High Priest of the world (Jesus and His bride, made ONE, Head and members complete), shall stand forth crowned a King and Priest after the Melchizedek order: King of Peace—a Priest upon his throne.

There he will stand before the world (manifest, recognized but unseen) not only as King and Priest, but also as the Great Prophet—”A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me [Moses], … and it shall come to pass that the soul that shall not hear that Prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people.” When brought to perfect knowledge and ability, perfect obedience will be required, and all who will not render it will be cut off from life—the second death. Acts 3:22,23.

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In the end of the Jewish Age, Jesus offered himself individually to Israel as Prophet, Priest and King, typical or illustrative of the whole Body. As Prophet, he taught them; as Priest—”he offered up Himself,” (Heb. 7:27), as King he rode into their city at the close of his ministry. But they did not receive him in any of these offices. During the Gospel Age, his church or body has acknowledged him as “a teacher sent from God”—the great Prophet; as the “High Priest of our profession;” and as the rightful King. The Word teaches, however, that it is not by the Church only that he is to be accepted, but he (together with us, His Body) shall be the Prophet for the people, the Priest for all the people, and the King over all people, nations and languages; “Lord of all,” Priest of all, Prophet or teacher of all.

In the type of the Priest’s consecration, we saw Aaron and his sons representing Jesus and his body as “new creatures,” and a bullock representing their humanity; but in the type now to be considered, we find Aaron alone representing the entire Anointed One (head and body), and two different sacrifices, a bullock and a goat, are here used to represent the separateness, yet similarity in suffering of the Body and its Head, as the “Sin-offering.” The bullock represented Jesus at the age of thirty years—the PERFECT MAN who gave himself and died on our behalf. The High Priest, as we have already seen, represents the “new” nature of Jesus, the anointed head, and also all whom God foreknew as members of his body. The distinction which is here made between the human and the “new creature” should be clearly understood and remembered. “The man Christ Jesus who gave himself” at thirty years of age, was he who was previously rich (of a higher nature), but who for our sakes became poor; that is, became a man, that he might give the ransom for men—a perfect man’s life. 1 Cor. 15:21.

Since the penalty of man’s sin was death, he must become a man, be “made flesh,” or he never could redeem man. A man had sinned, and the penalty was death, and if Jesus would pay the penalty he must be of the same nature, (but undefiled, separate from sin,) and die, that mankind might in due time be liberated from death. To do this, the man Jesus made sacrifice “of all that he had“—glory as a perfect man, honor as a perfect man could claim it, and finally life as a man. And this was all he had, (except God’s promises of a new nature and the hopes which those promises generated) having exchanged his spiritual being or existence for the human which he made “a Sin-offering” as typified by the bullock.

But since to be our ransom his humanity must take our place in death, that humanity can never again be restored. If it were, we the redeemed would again come under the dominion of death. But thanks be to God, it remains a sacrifice forever, and we are forever free from Adamic guilt and death. If then, the Father would ever confer upon Jesus any honor, glory or life as a reward for his obedience even unto death, it must be a glory, honor and life on some other plane of being than the human, so as not to interfere with our ransom.

Such was the promise of Jehovah to him, viz., that he would highly exalt him above the human plane, and above his pre-human condition; above all angels, principalities and powers, to his own right hand, (condition of chief favor, next to Jehovah,) a partaker of immortality—the Divine nature. For these and other joys set before him, Jesus endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the Majesty on high. Heb. 1:3.

The new nature which was received instead of the human, and as a reward for its sacrifice, is what is here typified by the Priest. While it is true that the sacrifice of the human was not finished until the cross, and that the Divine nature was not fully received until the resurrection, three days later, yet, in God’s reckoning—and as shown in this type, the death of Jesus (the bullock) was complete when Jesus presented himself a living sacrifice at baptism—the type of his covenant of sacrificial death. There he reckoned himself dead—dead to all human aims or hopes of human glory, honor or life, in the same sense that we are exhorted to reckon ourselves dead indeed to the world, but alive as new creatures unto God. Rom. 6:11.

This acceptance of Jesus by Jehovah at the time of consecration, as though dead indeed, was indicated by the anointing with the Holy Spirit—the earnest or guarantee of what he should receive when death had actually taken place.

Thus considered, we see that the death of the bullock typifies the offering by Jesus of himself when he consecrated himself. This is in harmony with Paul’s statement, that when Jesus consecrated saying—”Lo I come [as in the volume of the Scriptures it is written of me] to do thy will, O God”—to die, and redeem many. There he took away the first [or set aside, the typical sacrifices] that he might establish [or fulfill] the real sacrifice for sin. (Heb. 10:7,9,14.) Yes, there the slaying of the bullock occurred, and the three years of Jesus’ ministry show that all human will was dead, and the body reckoned so, from the moment of consecration.

Jesus the Anointed—filled with the Spirit, was the new, divine creature (though not perfected as divine—until the resurrection) and that relationship he always claimed, saying, The works that I do are not mine [as a man] but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works; The word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father’s which sent me. (John 14:10,24.) Not my will [as a man] but thine [Father—the divine] be done, [in and to this earthen vessel consecrated to death.] Mark 15:36.

When the bullock was slain [Jesus consecrated], the work was done in “the Court,” which we have seen typified the plane of human perfection or justification: the condition of faith in and harmony with God; the highest attainment of the flesh. Jesus was in this condition, a perfect man when he offered himself (the bullock in the type) to God.

Bearing in mind these distinctions, let us examine carefully the work of the typical Atonement Day, that we may more clearly understand the reality. Aaron was washed, in order to fitly represent the sinlessness of the “new creature.” (“No one who has been begotten of God practices sin; because his seed abides in him and he cannot sin, because he has been begotten by God.” 1 John 3:9.—Diaglott.) The new nature cannot sin, and it keeps a constant watch over the old nature reckoned dead lest it come to life again. Aaron was clothed for the service of the Day of Atonement not in his usual garments of glory and beauty, but in garments of sacrifice, with the “linen garments,” emblems of purity—the righteousness of saints. The robe of linen was an earnest of the glorious robe to follow; the “linen girdle” represented him as a servant, though not so powerful as when at the close of the Day of Atonement he should be girdled with the “curious girdle” of the ephod; the mitre of linen being the same as that belonging to the glorious apparel, proclaims his perfect righteousness now, as then.

So the High Priest, the Divine minded, spirit-begotten one, though not yet born of the Spirit, is able to accomplish the sacrifice of the atonement. Aaron now brings his typical sacrifice as we read: “Thus shall Aaron come into the Holy Place [the Most Holy] with a young bullock for a sin-offering and a ram for a burnt-offering.” “And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin-offering which is for [Represents] himself, and make an atonement for himself [the members of his body—the under priests] and for his house” [all believers, the entire “household of faith”—the Levites]. “And he shall kill the bullock of the sin-offering which is for ::Represents] himself.” “And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before the Lord, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small [powdered] and bring it within the vail [the first vail or “door”]. “And he shall put the incense upon the fire before the Lord, [The censer of coals of fire was set into the top of the golden altar in the “Holy” and the incense crumbled over it, gradually yielded a smoke of sweet perfume] that the cloud of the incense [penetrating beyond the second vail] may cover the mercy seat that is upon the testimony [or which covers the Law] that he die not.” Vs. 3,6,11-13.

Looking through the type to the antitype, let us now, step by step, compare the doings of Jesus with the prophetic picture. When Jesus had consecrated, he immediately took the sacrificed human life [blood of the bullock] to present it before God as the ransom of ours. But first, before entering the “Most Holy” [perfect spiritual condition] he must tarry in the “Holy” [spirit begotten condition] where the offering of his perfect humanity is acceptable—a sweet perfume before Jehovah. The High Priest took with him, along with the blood, fire from off the altar, and his two hands full of sweet incense to cause the perfume.

This illustrates how Jesus’ fulfillment of his vow of consecration during the three and a half years of his ministry, was a sweet and acceptable perfume to the Father, attesting at once to the completeness of the consecration and the perfection of the sacrifice. The sweet incense beaten small, represented the perfection of the man Jesus. The fire from the Brazen Altar represented the trials to which he was subject; and when the perfections of his being (incense) came in contact with the trials of life, he yielded perfect obedience to the Divine will—a sweet perfume. Thus is shown his temptation in all points, yet without sin. It was all consumed in the fire; so he yielded all in obedience. It was his “two hands full” which he offered, thus representing his full capacity and ability as being tested and required and yielded.

But while Jesus as a “new creature” was thus within the “Holy,” enjoying the light of the golden candlestick, fed by the bread of truth, and offering acceptable incense to Jehovah, let us look out into the “Court,” and yet further out, beyond the Camp, and see another work progressing simultaneously. We last saw the bullock dead, in the Court; now the fat of it has been placed upon the Brazen Altar and with it the kidneys and various life-producing organs. They are burning furiously, for a bullock has much fat. A cloud of smoke, called “a sweet savor to God” rises in the sight of all who are in the “Court,” viz.: Levites—believers.

This represents how Jesus’ sacrifice appeared to believing men. They saw the devotion, the self-sacrifice, the loving zeal (fat) ascending to God as a sweet and acceptable sacrifice. They well knew that with him God was ever well pleased. They knew from what they saw in the “Court” (in the flesh) that he was acceptable, though they could not see the sacrifice in its full grandeur and perfection as it appeared in Jehovah’s sight (in the “Holy”) a sweet incense on the Golden Altar.

And while these two fires are burning—in the “Court” the “fat” and in the “Holy,” the “incense” and their perfumes ascending at the same time, there is another fire “outside the camp.” There the body of flesh is being destroyed. (Ver. 27.) This represents Jesus’ work as viewed by the world; to them it seemed foolish to spend his life in sacrifice. They saw not the spirit of obedience which prompted, as the Father saw it; they saw not the loving perfections as the believers (in the “Court” condition) saw them. No, nor did they see in him their ideal hero and leader; they saw only those elements of his character which condemned them, not being in condition to love and admire him. To them he was odious—an outcast—despised and rejected; they hid their faces from him, as the Israelites turned from the burning carcass in the type.

We see, then, how Jesus’ life for three-and-a-half years fills all three of these pictures: His sacrifice of perfect manhood was in the sight of the world, foolishness and detestable; in the sight of believers, a sacrifice acceptable to God; in the sight of Jehovah, “a sweet incense.” They all ended at once—at the cross. The bullock was entirely disposed of, the incense all offered, when Jesus cried, “It is finished“—and died. Thus the man Christ Jesus, gave himself a ransom for all.

The incense from the Golden Altar having preceded him and been satisfactory, the High Priest passed under the second “Vail” into the “Most Holy.” So with Jesus; having for three and a half years offered acceptable incense, in the Holy or consecrated condition, he passed beyond “the Vail, that is to say, his flesh.” For three days he was under the Vail, in death; then he arose in the perfection of the Divine nature beyond the flesh, “the express image of the Father’s person:” “Put to death in the flesh, but quickened (made alive) in Spirit:” “sown a natural (human) body, raised a spiritual body.” He was then in the “Most Holy,” condition; the perfection of spiritual being.

The next step was to present the blood (ver. 14)—the evidence of the redemption—for “ye were redeemed … with the precious blood (sacrificed life) of Christ.” (1 Pet. 1:19.) This going into the presence of the Mercy Seat and sprinkling, or presenting the blood, was evidently fulfilled by Jesus, when he, after forty days, ascended up on high, “there to appear in the presence of God FOR US, presenting on our behalf and as the price of our redemption the value and merit of the sacrifice just finished.

We now leave the High Priest before the “Mercy Seat” while we go out to “the court” to witness another work. We quote: “And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin-offering. And he shall take the two goats and present them before the Lord at the “door” of the Tabernacle. And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the Lord and the other for the scape-goat. And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the Lord’s lot fell and offer him for a Sin-offering. But the goat on which the lot fell to be the scape-goat, shall be presented alive before the Lord to make an atonement with him, to let him go for a scape-goat into the wilderness.” (Vs. 5-10.)

These two goats taken from Israel and brought into the “Court,” typified or represented all who coming from the world and accepting of Jesus’ redemption consecrate their lives to God’s service. First, taken from the “Camp” or world condition, they are brought into the “Court” or justified condition. There they present themselves before the Lord (represented by the goats at the door of the Tabernacle) desiring to become dead with Christ as human beings, and to enter the heavenly or spiritual conditions as Jesus did; first, the spiritual mind, and secondly, the spiritual body; the “Holy” and “Most Holy.”

But, as not all who say, Lord! Lord! shall enter the kingdom, so too, some of those who say, “Lord, here I consecrate my all” promise more than they ever perform. They know not what they promise or what it costs of denial of self, to take up the cross daily and follow the bullock—to “go to him without the camp [to the utter disregard and destruction of the human hopes, etc.,] bearing the reproach with him.” (Heb. 13:13). In this type, both classes of those who covenant to become dead with Christ are represented: those who do really follow in his footsteps as he hath set us an example, and those who “through fear of [this] death, are all their lifetime subject to bondage.” (Heb. 2:15). The first class is the “Lord’s goat,” the second the “Scapegoat.” Both of these classes [goats] as we shall see, will have a part in the atonement work; in bringing the world into complete harmony with God and his Law, when this “Day of Atonement” the Christian Age is ended. But only the first class (the “Lord’s goat”) who follow the Leader, are a part of the “Sin-offering.”

The casting of lots to see which goat would be the “Lord’s” and which the “Scapegoat,” indicates that God has no choice as to which of them shall win the prize. It shows that God does not arbitrarily select which shall become partakers of the divine nature and joint-heirs with Christ our Lord. Every believer who presents himself is acceptable, and he who keeps his covenant and performs the sacrifice is represented in the

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“Lord’s goat.” Those who draw back are represented in the “Scapegoat.”

To return to the High Priest: After having sprinkled the “Mercy Seat” [literally, the Propitiatory, or place of satisfaction] with the blood of the bullock seven times (perfectly), “Then, shall he kill the goat of the sin-offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the Vail, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the Mercy Seat and before the Mercy Seat.” (Vss. 14-15.) In a word, that which was done with the bullock was repeated with the “Lord’s goat.” It was killed by the same High Priest; its blood sprinkled just the same; its fat, etc., burned on the altar in the Court also. [It is worthy of notice that a prime bullock is always very fat, while a goat is a very lean animal. So Jesus as represented by the bullock had a great abundance of zeal and love for his sacrifice, while his followers, represented by the goat, are lean in comparison.] The body of the “Lord’s goat” was burned in like manner as that of the bullock—”without the camp.” Paul tells us that only those animals which were Sin-offerings were burned without (outside) the “Camp” (Heb. 13:11.) and then he tells us to go to him without the camp bearing the reproach with him. (Heb. 13:13.) Thus is furnished us unquestionable evidence not only that the followers of Jesus are represented by this “Lord’s goat” but also that their sacrifice reckoned with that of their Head, Jesus, constitutes part of the Sin-offering. “The reproaches of them that reproached thee, are fallen upon me.” Psa. 69:9.

The “Lord’s goat” represented all of the “little flock;” they are all alike; they all came by the same “narrow way:” so what is true of the company as a whole, is true of each one in it. Therefore the “Lord’s goat” typifies each one and his sacrifice, except that the whole must be complete and the sacrifice of all ended, before the “blood” of the goat (representative of all the Body) will be presented on the Mercy Seat.

The blood sprinkled on and before the Mercy Seat, was in the design of a cross, with the top or head of the cross on the Mercy Seat. This is shown by the description: “He shall sprinkle it with his finger upon the Mercy Seat eastward (toward the “door”) and before (across in front of) the Mercy Seat.” This is the full end of the Sin-offerings for the sins of the world. The bullock, as we have seen, was a sin offering for the “Household of faith” (the under Priests and Levites), and the goat, was the sin offering “for the people,” Israel—type of the (at present) unbelieving world.

Thus we see that this entire Christian Age is an age of suffering and death, to those who sacrifice the human nature, to become partakers of the divine. Just as soon as the sacrifice of Jesus on behalf of his “body” and “house” was complete and presented before the Father, came the evidence of its acceptance in the Pentecostal baptism. And this anointing (symbolized by the oil) which came upon the church continues ever since on all the living members of the High Priest’s body. This impartation of the divine mind to those consecrated ones, was the energy in them which killed each, as the “Lord’s goat.” This coming of the Holy Spirit, the Lord’s power or “hand” at Pentecost is shown in the type (vs. 15) by the High Priest coming to the door of the Tabernacle and laying hands upon the “Lord’s goat” and killing it. Just as the Spirit of the Father enabled Jesus to kill the bullock, so it is the same spirit—the Spirit of God and of Christ IN the Lord’s goat class, which enables them to crucify themselves as men—to kill the goat—in hope of the promised Glory, Honor and Immortality of the divine nature.

It was thus, for instance, that Paul when possessed of this spirit of the Leader and Head, could reckon all things but loss and dross that he might win [a membership in] Christ and be found in Him. Inspired by this hope and spirit he could say: “I (the new creature) live, yet, not I” the old creature—the goat—it is being consumed with the reproach and contempt of the world outside the camp. His earthly affections and powers had all been presented an offering to God, a living sacrifice; thereafter it was Christ living in him, the hope of glory—Christ’s mind, crucifying and keeping under the human nature.

While actually in the world, he was not of it; to such an extent was this true that he could say: “The life which I now live, I live by the faith of the Son of God.” Yes, by faith he had become a partaker of the Divine nature, and was in the “Holy,” feeding by faith on the “holy bread,” enlightened continually by the light from the “Golden Candlestick.”

Thus furnished with knowledge and strength, he was able to offer “Incense” acceptable to God by Jesus Christ, i.e., Paul’s sacrifice because of Jesus’ merit imputed to it was acceptable to God. Thus he kept the goat nature always sacrificed. So, too, the same thing has been done by the other members of this “Lord’s goat” company since, though none have been so widely known: Paul’s sacrifice sent up a very rich perfume.

As the goat filled up that which was behind of the Sin-offering after the bullock, so does the “little flock” following after Jesus “fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ.” Col. 1:24.

The moment must sometime come when the last member of this “Lord’s goat” class shall have consecrated, then no more can thus consecrate. The moment must also come, when the sacrifice of the last one will be consumed and the Sin-offering forever ended. That we are now in the close of the “Day of Atonement,” and that the last members of the Lord’s goat are now on the altar we firmly believe from evidences elsewhere given. We understand that the door of opportunity to consecrate for this sacrifice has closed, though there is still time to carry out the consecration already made. Soon, when their sacrifice is consumed, the last members of His Body shall pass beyond the second Vail—beyond the flesh into the perfection of the Divine nature, already commenced in this mortal body. The passing of the second Vail means to the body what it meant to the head; it means in the presenting of the “blood” of the goat, what it meant in the presenting of the blood of the bullock. The body of the Priest passing the second Vail, bearing the blood of the Goat represents the passing of the Body of Christ entirely beyond human conditions into the perfection of the divine nature when we shall be made like Christ Jesus who now is the express image of the Father’s person. Oh blessed hope! “I shall be satisfied when I awake in Thy likeness,” was spoken prophetically for Jesus; and how sublime the promise that “we shall be like Him.” If we may but win this prize for which we run, then,—

Perish every fond ambition,
All we’ve sought of earth or known;
Yet how rich is our condition,
Heavenly prospects now our own.

The Most Holy reached, the evidence of the sacrifice of the BODY for the people will be presented: as typified by the blood of the goat sprinkled on the Mercy Seat.

It will be accepted for “the people” as was that of our glorious Leader accepted for Himself [his Body] and house; and then the reconciling work is accomplished; sin and condemnation is fully covered for all. The sprinkling of all shows that the “blood” is full satisfaction, and that the work with the Scape-goat which followed was not part of the Sin-offering and was not needful to complete the “reconciling.” Hence in it we must see some other object and significance. We read:—

“And when he had made an end of reconciling the Holy [“Most Holy”] and the Tabernacle of the congregation [the “Holy”] and the Altar [in the “Court”] he shall bring the live goat: and Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat [Scape-goat] and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel [typical of the world], and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man [any one convenient] into the wilderness.” (Vs. 20-22.)

As before expressed, we understand that this “Scape-goat” which presented itself for sacrifice with the other, but failed to perform it, and to walk in the steps of the bullock, represents a very large class of God’s children who have made the same covenant as the others, viz.: to become dead to the world, and to sacrifice their justified human nature, but have failed to actually do so.

While this “Scape-goat” class has existed throughout this Gospel Age, the one goat and the work done with it, at the close of the “Day of Atonement” is representative in a general sense of the dealing with each individual of that company during the age, though it specially illustrates the scape-goat class in the end of the age of sacrifice.

Let us look first at God’s proposed dealing with members of this company who will be living when the work of Sin-offering is complete—the last members of the scape-goat company; and then see how it will apply to the preceding members of the same class.

But let us remind you that we are now dealing with things future; after the “Sin-offering.” The Lord’s goat is not yet wholly consumed, consequently the “little flock,” represented by the body of the Priest, has not yet gone beyond the second “Vail” into the condition of spirit perfection; and the special work with the living “Scape-goat” is after this.

Other scriptures show us (Rev. 7:9,13-17 and 1 Cor. 3:15) that there will be a “great company” who during this age have entered the race for the grand prize of joint-heirship with Jesus, who fail to “so run” as to obtain it; and that they, though “castaways” as regards the prize (1 Cor. 9:27), are nevertheless objects of the Lord’s affection and love, who, by his providences in the circumstances of life will cause them to come through “great tribulation” thus accomplishing for them “the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.” (1 Cor. 5:5.) Notice, that they consecrated their justified human life, and God accepted of the consecration and reckoned them, according to their covenant, dead as human beings and alive as new—spiritual—creatures. But, by their failure to carry out the contract, they are cut off from the Priesthood, from membership in the Body of Christ—”Every branch in me that beareth not fruit, he taketh it away.” John 15:2.

These are in a pitiable condition; they have failed to win the prize, therefore cannot have the divine nature; nor can they have restitution to perfect humanity with the world, for in their consecration, all human rights and privileges were exchanged for divine hopes,—for the opportunity to run for the divine nature. But though not faithful and not overcomers, the Lord loves them, and will deliver those who through fear of death, (fear of contempt—fear of the reproach borne by the bullock and goat, beyond the Camp—in the Wilderness, the separated, or dead condition) were all their life time subject to bondage—bondage of fear of men and men’s traditions and opinions which always bring a snare, and keep back from full obedience to God—even unto death. Heb. 2:15.

Through the favor of the High Priest, this great company are to go into “great tribulations” and have the flesh destroyed. This will not make of them “overcomers” nor give them membership in the Bride—the Body of Christ. It will not give them a place on the throne as Kings and Priests, but in a position “before the throne,” as perfect spiritual beings though not of the highest order of the spiritual—the Divine; not possessed of the Crown of life, Immortality, yet “like unto the angels.” These shall serve God in His Temple, though they will not be members of that symbolic Temple which is the Christ. Rev. 7:14,15.

This class will be sent to the Wilderness condition, of separation from the world; forced thither by “the man of opportunity”—adverse circumstances—there to be buffeted by adversity until they learn the vanity, deceitfulness and utter worthlessness of the World’s approval and until all human hopes and ambitions die, and they are ready to say God’s will, not mine, be done. The world is ever ready to scorn and cast out the chastened and afflicted ones, though they earnestly covet its deceiving smile and its empty honors. The body of the scape-goat was not burned in the wilderness; only the sin-offering (bullock and Lord’s goat) were burned. (Heb. 13:11.) The burning of the sin-offering represented the steady continuous submission of that class to the fiery ordeal of suffering—”faithful (willing sacrifices) unto death.” Both classes, suffer even unto death of the human will and body; but the first class die willingly, destroyed by continual crucifying of the flesh as shown in the symbol by fire, burning continuously until there is nothing more to burn. The second class is simply sent to the wilderness and there left to die unwillingly. Their love of the World’s approval perishes with the World’s neglect and scorn and reproach; and their spiritual nature ripens and blooms into life. Not only will this be true markedly with the last or closing members of this Scape-goat class shortly, but the same has been fulfilled to some extent all along; for there has always been a class, and a large one, which yielded to death only by compulsion; who instead of willingly sacrificing, suffered “destruction of the flesh.” 1 Cor. 5:5. The classes represented by both goats have been developing side by side throughout the age.

When the “little flock” have all gone beyond the Vail, the hand of the Lord will set free those bound ones “who, through fear of death [to the world], are all their lifetime subject to bondage,” by overthrowing the many theories, creeds and traditions of men and great nominal Church organizations, in and to and by which, they are held and hindered from hearing and obeying the Lord’s voice.

Forced into freedom by “Babylon’s” fall, while realizing that the great prize has been lost, they will then hear the High Priest’s voice and find themselves forced into the Wilderness condition of separation and flesh destruction. At no other time perhaps have there been so many consecrated ones bound as at present; but through all the age, there have been some.

All the consecrated ones, of both classes, pass through great trials and afflictions, yet by one class they are esteemed light afflictions, taken joyfully, which they rejoice to be accounted worthy to suffer; a willing sacrifice, like that of the Head. To the other class, they are burdensome, great afflictions, almost without joy—an enforced destruction of the flesh. And proportionately different are their positions and rewards at the end of the race.

“And Aaron shall come into the Tabernacle of the congregation [“the Holy”] and shall put off the linen garments which he put on when he went into the Holy place [“Most Holy”] and he shall leave them there; and he shall wash his flesh with water in the holy place [the “Court”] and put on his [usual] garments [the garments of glory and beauty] and come forth and offer his Burnt-offering and the Burnt-offering of the people, and make another illustration of the atonement for himself [the body—the church—the “little flock”] and for the people. Vss. 23 and 24.

The Burnt-offerings consisted of two rams (vs. 3 and 5.): one representing the Bullock and the other the Lord’s goat. These being alike, show the harmony and oneness of the sacrifices made by Jesus and his footstep-followers; that in God’s sight they are all one sacrifice. “For both he that sanctifieth [Jesus] and they who are sanctified [the little flock] are all one; for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren.” Heb. 2:11.

This is further shown in the treatment of each of these sacrifices. The rams of “burnt offering” were cut in pieces and washed and the pieces laid unto the head upon the altar and burned, making sweet perfume—a burnt offering of sweet savor unto Jehovah. Since both rams were thus treated, it shows that in Jehovah’s estimation, they are all part of one sacrifice; the members joined to the head, acceptable as a whole, as the atonement for the sins of the World—thus satisfying the claims of justice and purchasing the whole world of sinners.

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As the Sin-offerings illustrate the necessary crucifixion and death of the Redeemer, so the Burnt-offering illustrates God’s manifested acceptance of the same sacrifice. Let us not forget that God does not manifest his acceptance of the “better sacrifices” than bulls and goats, until that Sin-offering is complete and the High Priest is robed in the honor and glory of his office represented in the change of garments. During the time of making the Sin-offering he wore only the white linen garments; afterward and usually he wore the glorious garments illustrative of the honor and glory conferred on him. During the Christian age the Sin-offerings progress and no honor is bestowed upon the Priests, but at its close comes the outward manifestation of God’s approval and acceptance of it in the putting of glory and honor upon the Priests who made the sacrifice, and in the blessing of the people for whose sins he atoned.

The Burnt-offering must be burned on the Altar in “the Court,” thus teaching that God will manifest His acceptance of the sacrifice of the whole body (head and pieces or members) in the sight of all in “the Court” condition, viz: all believers. But before this manifestation to believers, of God’s acceptance of the work, is accomplished the “scapegoat company” are sent away, and the robes of the Priest changed. As the white robes worn throughout the work of sacrifice—which covered the body and represented the justification of the body, their purity in God’s sight through Christ, so now the garments of glory and beauty represent the glories of position and work in the future, after the new creatures have been perfected—gone beyond the “Vail.” The washing with water seems to show that though the white garments are laid aside—the body now clothed in majesty of power is still pure and that the sins of the people for which atonement had been made do not attach to or contaminate the purity of the Priest. Thus ends this type of the development of the Priesthood and satisfaction of the World’s sins.

We tarry to glance at a few verses of this chapter (Lev. 16) not directly connected with the narrative.

Vs. 17. “There shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goeth in to make an atonement in the holy place [Most Holy] until he come out, and have made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.” This limitation applies only to this special day, for the Apostle says—”The priests went always into the first tabernacle (the “Holy”) accomplishing the service, but into the second (tabernacle—the “Most Holy,”) went the high priest alone, once every year” [on this “Day of Atonement,” which was repeated annually.] Heb. 9:7.

The privileges of the Tabernacle are only for those who are priests—members of the body of the Head Priest—so that whether as now, in the first of these heavenly conditions (spiritual minded, new creatures in Christ Jesus); or whether as we hope to be soon, in the second or perfected spiritual condition; it will in either or both cases be because we are in Christ Jesus, new creatures—no longer men. “For ye are not in the flesh [human], but in the spirit [spiritual, new creatures], if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you.” Rom. 8:9.

Vs. 28. “And he that burneth them [the bullock and goat of sin offering] shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp.” This seems to teach that those principally instrumental in reproaching, reviling and destroying the humanity both of Jesus [bullock] and his “little flock” [goat], will have no special punishment for it, as they did it ignorantly—at the same time accomplishing God’s plan. “Father, forgive them, they know not what they do,” was a truthful prayer and from one whom the Father heard always. They wash and are clean and come into the camp—i.e., come into the same condition as the balance of the world, all of whom are sinners, and all of whom are ransomed from Adamic depravity and sin.

Vs. 26. “And he that let go the goat for the Scape-goat, shall wash his clothes and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward come into the camp.” This teaches the same lesson relative to those who shall be instrumental in bringing the trouble, and consequent destruction of the flesh, upon the “great company” represented by the Scapegoat.

In the type, the Day of Atonement thus ended; and typically cleansed from sin, Israel was reckoned no longer defiled and separated from God, but now made at-one with God. Justice no longer condemned, but bade them realize God’s reconciled presence in their midst, to bless and protect and direct into the Canaan of rest and peace.


In the Antitype, the “Day of Atonement” is this Gospel Age, during which, Jesus and his body, the Church, make sacrifice to justice, in full satisfaction of the Adamic sin. When the work of reconciliation is complete, God will recognize mankind and place his sanctuary among men. Then, will be fulfilled that which was written: “The Tabernacle of God (the glorified Church) is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be [become] his people, and God himself shall be with them and be their God. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain, for the former things [Reign of Satan, sin and death] are passed away. And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new.” Rev. 21:3-5.

But while all these blessings shall result from the establishment of God’s residence, or sanctuary among men [“I will make the place of my feet glorious”—”Earth is my footstool,”] yet its blessing will be a gradual work, requiring the Millennial Age for its full accomplishment; i.e., death, pain, and tears will be in process of destruction (wiping away), but not completed until the end of the Millennial Age.

The gradual process by which man will be brought into perfection of being and fullness of harmony with Jehovah, is well illustrated in the typical sacrifices of Israel, made after the Day of Atonement, the antitypes of which will be fulfilled during the next age.

To rightly divide and understand these typical sacrifices, it must be recognized, that the present Gospel Age is the day of atonement toward God for the general sin of mankind; and that all sacrifices coming after the Day of Atonement in type, represents fulfillments or antitypes due after the Gospel Age is ended—during the Millennial Age—when the world of sinners may become reconciled to, or at one with God.

Thus we may see that at-one-ment has two parts—first, Justice at one with, and not any longer condemning and killing Adam and his children on account of his sin; and secondly, the sinner being brought to at-one-ment with God’s righteous laws recognizing them and obeying them. The first of these phases of at-one-ment or reconciliation is brought about entirely by the Priest’s sacrifice in the “Day of Atonement sacrifices.”*

*The sacrifices relative to the consecration of the priests and parts of two types yet to be considered, we regard of course, as being the same sacrifices as those above mentioned as taking place on the Day of Atonement—they all being merely different views or pictures of the same sacrifices.

The other—The reconciling of the World to God or the bringing of them into full at-one-ment and harmony with God, will be accomplished during the next age by the “Royal Priesthood” who, typified by Moses will be the Great Prophet whom the Lord will raise up to teach the people, to whom if they will not give heed, they shall be cut off from life—die the second death. Acts 3:23.

Be it clearly seen that though the saints of Jesus’ followers, be permitted as represented in the Lord’s goat to share in and be members of the Sin-offering on behalf of the World, it is not because of their being by nature purer or better than the World for the entire race of Adam was condemned in him; and of them “There is none righteous, no not one” (Rom. 3:10) and none could give ransom for his brother. Psa. 4:97.

They share in the sacrifice for sins as a favor in order that by so doing they might share with Jesus the promised Divine nature and be his companions and joint heirs. To permit and enable them to offer themselves acceptable sacrifices the benefits of Jesus’ death were applied to these first, justifying or cleansing them, and his death blesses the World through his body the Church.


— July and August, 1885 —